How Great Thou Art Lyrics: A Comprehensive Exploration


“How Great Thou Art” is one of the most beloved hymns in the Christian tradition, known for its powerful lyrics and moving melody. Originating from a Swedish poem written by Carl Boberg, it has been translated into numerous languages and covered by many artists worldwide. This article delves into the history, meaning, and cultural impact of “How Great Thou Art,” offering a detailed analysis of its lyrics and significance in Christian worship.

Table of Contents

  1. History of How Great Thou Art
  2. The Original Swedish Poem
  3. English Translation and Adaptation
  4. Lyric Analysis
  5. Theological Significance
  6. Cultural Impact and Popularity
  7. Famous Performances and Recordings
  8. Use in Worship Services
  9. Conclusion
  10. Related Articles

History of How Great Thou Art

“How Great Thou Art” originated as a poem titled “O Store Gud,” written by Carl Boberg in 1885. The poem was inspired by the beauty of the Swedish countryside and the awe Boberg felt towards God’s creation. Over time, it was set to music and gained popularity in Sweden and beyond. For a detailed history of the hymn, visit Hymnary.

Early Adaptations

The hymn underwent several adaptations before becoming widely known in the English-speaking world. One of the most significant adaptations was by Stuart K. Hine, a British missionary who translated and expanded the hymn in the early 20th century. For more on these early adaptations, check out Christianity Today.

The Original Swedish Poem

Carl Boberg’s poem “O Store Gud” captures the majesty of God’s creation and expresses a deep sense of wonder and reverence. The original Swedish text is a beautiful reflection of Boberg’s spiritual experience. For a look at the original Swedish lyrics, visit Swedish Literature.

Translation Challenges

Translating poetry and hymns poses unique challenges, as translators must convey both the meaning and the emotional impact of the original text. Stuart K. Hine’s translation of “How Great Thou Art” is widely regarded as a successful adaptation that preserves the essence of Boberg’s poem. For more on translation challenges, see Translation Journal.

English Translation and Adaptation

Stuart K. Hine’s English adaptation of “How Great Thou Art” has become the most well-known version of the hymn. Hine not only translated the original verses but also added his own verses, expanding the hymn’s scope and depth. For a detailed account of Hine’s work, visit The Hymn Society.

Lyrics Comparison

Comparing the original Swedish lyrics with the English adaptation reveals how Hine’s translation captures the spirit of Boberg’s poem while making it accessible to a broader audience. For a side-by-side comparison of the lyrics, check Hymnary.

Lyric Analysis

The lyrics of “How Great Thou Art” are rich in imagery and theological meaning. Each verse explores different aspects of God’s greatness, from the beauty of creation to the sacrifice of Jesus Christ. For an in-depth analysis of the lyrics, see Bible Study Tools.

Verse-by-Verse Breakdown

  1. First Verse: Celebrates the wonders of nature and God’s creation.
  2. Second Verse: Reflects on the power and majesty of God in the natural world.
  3. Third Verse: Focuses on the redemptive work of Jesus Christ.
  4. Fourth Verse: Anticipates the future glory and the return of Christ.

For a detailed verse-by-verse breakdown, visit Desiring God.

Theological Significance

“How Great Thou Art” is more than just a hymn; it is a profound theological statement that encompasses key aspects of Christian belief. The hymn’s themes include creation, redemption, and eschatology, making it a comprehensive expression of the Christian faith. For more on the theological significance, check


The hymn begins by acknowledging God’s handiwork in creation, echoing biblical passages such as Psalm 19:1 and Romans 1:20. This focus on creation invites worshippers to reflect on God’s power and creativity. For more on the theology of creation, visit Bible Gateway.


The third verse of the hymn highlights the redemptive work of Jesus Christ, emphasizing the significance of the crucifixion and resurrection. This verse serves as a reminder of God’s love and sacrifice. For more on the theology of redemption, see Got Questions.


The final verse anticipates Christ’s return and the future glory that awaits believers. This eschatological focus provides hope and encouragement, reminding worshippers of the promise of eternal life. For more on eschatology, visit Ligonier Ministries.

Cultural Impact and Popularity

“How Great Thou Art” has had a significant cultural impact, becoming one of the most popular hymns in the world. Its powerful message and beautiful melody have resonated with people across different cultures and denominations. For more on the cultural impact, visit PBS.

Global Reach

The hymn has been translated into numerous languages and is sung in churches around the world. Its universal appeal speaks to the timelessness of its message and the beauty of its composition. For more on the global reach, check Global Hymn Sing.

Famous Performances and Recordings

“How Great Thou Art” has been performed and recorded by many notable artists, contributing to its widespread popularity. Artists such as Elvis Presley, Carrie Underwood, and Pentatonix have brought the hymn to new audiences. For more on famous performances, visit Billboard.

Notable Recordings

  1. Elvis Presley: One of the most famous renditions, included in his gospel album “How Great Thou Art”.
  2. Carrie Underwood: A powerful performance at the ACM Awards.
  3. Pentatonix: A modern a cappella version that has garnered millions of views on YouTube.

For a list of notable recordings, see Rolling Stone.

Use in Worship Services

“How Great Thou Art” is a staple in Christian worship services, often sung during times of praise and reflection. Its ability to inspire awe and reverence makes it a fitting choice for various occasions. For more on using the hymn in worship, visit Worship Together.

Liturgical Use

The hymn is commonly used in traditional and contemporary worship settings, often as a congregational song or a special music piece. Its versatility allows it to be incorporated into different parts of the service. For more on liturgical use, check Reformed Worship.


“How Great Thou Art” is more than a hymn; it is a timeless expression of worship that continues to touch hearts and minds around the world. Its rich history, profound lyrics, and cultural impact make it a cherished part of Christian heritage. For continuous updates and resources, always refer to reputable hymnology and worship websites.

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